Home Economy Bangladesh National Budget For 2019-20 Fiscal Year

Bangladesh National Budget For 2019-20 Fiscal Year


Bangladesh Parliament (Jatiyo Sangshad) on June 30, 2019, passed a record 5-Trillion-Taka (about 62-Billion-U.S. Dollar) national budget for the fiscal year 2019-20, themed as ‘Bangladesh on a Pathway to Prosperity: Time is Ours, Time for Bangladesh’. The exact numeric size of the budget is Tk 5,23,190 crore.

Targeting an economic growth of 8.2 percent, Bangladeshi Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal placed before the parliament the 11th annual budget of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s ruling Bangladesh Awami League (AL) party government in a row since 2009. Unanimously by voice vote, the parliament passed the budget on the last working day of the current 2018-19 financial year with some adjustments.

Following the proposal mooted in the House by the finance ministry for parliamentary approval of appropriation of fund for meeting necessary development and non-development expenditures of the government, the ministers concerned placed justifications for the expenditures by their respective ministries, through 59 demands for grant.

Earlier, parliament rejected by voice vote a total of only 484 cut-motions that stood in the name of opposition members on 59 demands for grants for different ministries.

Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal on June 13 placed a Tk 5,23,190 crore largest-ever budget for 2019-20 fiscal with a focus on developing communications infrastructure and human resources and achieve the 8.2 percent GDP growth.

The finance minister proposed allocating, from the annual development programme, 27.4 percent for human resource (education, health and related others), 26 percent for communication (roads, rails, bridges, and related other communications), 21.5 percent for the overall agriculture sector (agriculture, rural development, water resources, and related others), 13.8 percent for power and energy sector and 11.3 percent for other sectors.

Allocation proposed for the social infrastructure sector in the proposed budget is Tk 1,43,429 crore, and Tk. 1,64,603 crore for physical infrastructure sector of which Tk 66,234 crore will go to overall agricultural and rural development, Tk 61,360 crore to overall communications, and Tk 28,051 crore to power and energy.

Of the financing from domestic sources, Tk 47,364 crore will come from the banking system and Tk 30,000 crore from savings certificates and other non-bank sources.

The total revenue collection has been estimated to be Tk 3,77,810 crore where the National Board Revenue (NBR) will contribute Tk 3,25,660 crore tax revenue from non-NBR sources have been estimated at Tk 14,500 crore. Besides, non-tax revenue is estimated to be Tk. 37,710 crore.

The total allocation for operating and other expenditures is Tk 3,20,469 crore, and allocation for the annual development program is Tk. 2,02,721 crore, while Tk 100 crore has been proposed to provide startup capital to promote all types of startup enterprises among youths.

A total of Tk 1,23,641 crore has been proposed for general services, which is 23.63 percent of the total allocation. Tk. 33,202 crore is proposed for public-private partnerships (PPP), financial assistance to different industries, subsidies and equity investments in nationalized corporations, banks, and financial institutions.

The budget also proposed to introduce insurance for the expatriate Bangladeshi workers and their families as they often face financial losses and risks due to accidents and various other causes.

For the sake of a strong capital market which is required for any strong economy, the Finance Minister proposed to make tax free dividend income from the listed companies’ up to Tk. 50,000.

With a view to promoting business and investment, augmenting export and creating employments, he proposed the tax holiday facility to continue and also to include some potential manufacturing sectors such as agricultural machinery; furniture; home appliance – rice cooker, blender, washing machine, etc.; mobile handset; toys; leather and leathergoods; LED television; plastic recycling.

Along with the standard VAT rate of 15 percent, there will be reduced rates of 5 percent, 7.5 percent and 10 percent for specific goods and services. As a special measure, considering the sensitivity of the product, the rate of VAT at the trading stage of pharmaceutical and petroleum products shall be 2.4 percent and 2 percent respectively.

A total of Tk 79,486 crore was allocated in the proposed budget for the education and technology sector, which was 15.2 percent of the Tk 523,190-crore budget.

The finance minister said necessary funds have been earmarked in the proposed national budget for 2019-20 fiscal year for enlisting new schools in the Monthly Pay Order (MPO) scheme which remained suspended for a long time.

He proposed allocating Tk. 24,040 crore for the primary education sector, Tk 29,624 crore for the secondary and higher education sector and Tk. 7,454 crore in FY 2019-20 for technical and madrasa education.

Earlier, on Saturday the Parliament passed the Finance Bill 2019 with some changes in the proposals over the capital market, VAT and handloom industry, and scrapping the opportunity to invest black money to buy land.

The proposal for legalizing undisclosed money through investing in the land was proposed in the Finance Bill 2019, placed in parliament on June 13.

It also passed the proposal to cut tax on the stock dividend to 10 percent.

The government initially proposed to impose 15 percent tax on stock dividend to encourage listed companies to pay cash dividend to protect the interest of small investors.

Listed companies will have to pay cash dividend equal to the ratio of stock dividend. If the ratio of stock dividend is higher than the cash dividend, the company will have to pay 10 percent tax on stock dividend.

The House also passed the proposal that listed companies would give 30 percent of its net profit as stock and cash dividend. If any company fails to do so, it will have to pay 10 percent tax on retained earnings and reserves.

In the budget proposal, the government sought to slap 15 percent tax on the retained earnings and reserves of a company if the amount exceeds 50 percent of the paid-up capital. It also said stock dividend by listed companies will be subject to 15 percent tax. Parliament also passed a proposal to impose specific tax at Tk 4 for each kilogram of yarns used by weavers instead of previously proposed 5 percent VAT.

The overall budget deficit will be Tk 1,45,380 crore, which is 5 percent of GDP like the previous year. In financing the deficit, Tk 68,016 crore will come from external sources and Tk. 77,363 crore from domestic sources.

Since this is the first budget of the re-elected government of Bangladesh with a new election manifesto and a new finance minister, it is not unreasonable to expect a new beginning where major structural reform initiatives addressing the most pressing problems currently afflicting the BD economy. It looks less ambitious and more realistic.

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